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When asked to name the o…

2017-5-6 编辑:djw001 查看次数: 手机版
试题内容:
When asked to name the one invention that would be impossible to live without, Americans did not pick their phone. They didn’t pick their car. They picked their toothbrush, according to the Lemelson-MIT survey. Hold up though. That survey was from 2003. So we conducted an informal survey of HowStuffWorks staffers to find out if the toothbrush would still take the lead 14 years later. It did. The toothbrush got 11 votes, followed by the cell phone (5), computer (3), microwave (2) and car (2).
You probably aren’t amazed. The tiny toothbrush is an important product for a lot of modem cultures, and it comes by its popularity honestly; Versions of the toothbrush have been around since ancient Babylonian times. But note that these were not the boring plastic creations we take out of the box.
“The first tooth cleaning instrument seems to have been the ‘toothpick’ or more correctly small bones or slivers of bones,” writes Scott Swank, dentist and leader of the National Museum of Dentistry, in an email.
He points out that people used even less technical means, too. “Fingers wrapped in cloth have been used for ages to clean teeth,” he says. “An ancient Greek doctor recommended using a round woolen ball dipped in honey to clean one’s teeth.” But not all recipes (配方) or early toothpaste were so sweet.
“Both the Greeks and Romans had recipes for toothpaste,” says Swank. We’re here for the powerful toothbrush, and Swank says that the first real evidence of that comes from Babylon, around 2500-1800 B. C. The frayed (纤维状散开的) end of a stick or plant was used to brush the teeth.
We have to look much closer to our own times to find a brush we might recognize. “The first device that we would consider people to use the modem toothbrushes was recorded in China in 1500,” says Swank. In 1780, the English merchant William Addis fashioned a modern “toothbrush” and began mass-producing them in England. Sounds too good to be true? “I have no reason to doubt the story as a whole,” Swank says. “It could have become a bit different over time but I think,on the whole,it stands up.”
32. According to the passage, how many HowStuffWorks staffers at most took part in the survey?
A. 5                      B. 11                     C. 12                    D.23
33. The underlined words in the second paragraph probably refer to          .
A. different techniques of making the toothbrush        B. different steps to make the toothbrush
C. different periods of making the toothbrush             D. different makes of the toothbrush
34. Which of the following can NOT be inferred from the passage?
A. The survey was conducted in the year of 2017.
B. The most recent survey showed the toothbrush is still considered an important invention.
C. Records showed the Chinese people were the first to use modem toothbrushes.
D. Scott Swank didn’t at all believe the way modem toothbrushes got spread.
35. What may well serve as the title of the passage?
A. What was used to make the toothbrush?                 B. How long was the history of the toothbrush?
C. How was the toothbrush historically developed?     D. Why was the toothbrush chosen as a daily necessity?
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